Gründer der demokratischen Partei und 3. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Wie gesund ist Hillary Clinton? Und wie sieht es bei Gegner Donald Trump aus, der im Fall seiner Wahl als ältester Debütant ins Weiße Haus käme?. Hier finden Sie zu der Kreuzworträtsel-Frage 3. US-Präsident (Thomas, ) eine Lösung mit 9 Buchstaben.
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The Democrats stressed the fact that Wilson had kept the nation out of the European war, but Wilson was ambiguous about his ability to continue to do so.
The election was close. Wilson also obtained a slim margin in the electoral college, winning to After a generation of progressive insurgency within the Republican party, it returned in to a conservative stance.
Harding of Ohio, a political insider. Governor Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, best known for his tough handling of the Boston police strike of , was the vice-presidential nominee.
The Democratic party nominated James M. Cox, governor of Ohio, and Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York, assistant secretary of the navy in the Wilson administration.
The Socialist party nominated Eugene V. A bedridden Wilson hoped the election would be a referendum on his League of Nations, but that issue was probably not decisive.
In the electoral college only the South went for Cox. Harding won by to Although still in prison, Debs received more than , votes. Harding had died in La Follette for president.
The new Progressive party chose Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana for vice president. The platform called for higher taxes on the wealthy, conservation, direct election of the president, and the ending of child labor.
In choosing their candidates the Democrats were faced with polar opposites. Smith of New York was the epitome of the urban machine politician, and he was also Catholic; William G.
McAdoo was a Protestant popular in the South and West. A deadlock developed; on the rd ballot the delegates finally settled on John W.
Davis, a corporation lawyer, and Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska, the brother of William Jennings Bryan.
La Follette carried only his home state, Wisconsin , with 13 electoral votes. Charles Curtis of Kansas was his running mate.
The Democrats nominated Alfred E. Hoover firmly supported Prohibition, whereas Smith, an avowed wet, favored repeal. Many Americans found the urban and cultural groups that the cigar-smoking Smith epitomized frightening; Hoover seemed to stand for old-fashioned rural values.
The election produced a high voter turnout. Although Hoover had tried to respond to the crisis, his belief in voluntarism limited his options.
The Democratic party nominated Franklin D. The platform called for the repeal of Prohibition and a reduction in federal spending.
During the campaign Hoover defended his record, his commitment to a balanced budget, and the gold standard—a backward-looking stance, given that the number of unemployed stood at 13 million.
Roosevelt made few specific proposals, but his tone and demeanor were positive and forward-looking. The Democrats won the election in a landslide. In the Democratic party nominated President Franklin D.
Landon of Kansas and Fred Knox of Illinois. The presidential campaign focused on class to an unusual extent for American politics. Conservative Democrats such as Alfred E.
Eighty percent of newspapers endorsed the Republicans, accusing Roosevelt of imposing a centralized economy. But Roosevelt appealed to a coalition of western and southern farmers, industrial workers, urban ethnic voters, and reform-minded intellectuals.
African-American voters, historically Republican, switched to fdr in record numbers. In a referendum on the emerging welfare state, the Democratic party won in a landslide—27,, popular votes for fdr to only 16,, for Landon.
The Republicans carried two states—Maine and Vermont—for 8 electoral votes; Roosevelt received the remaining The unprecedented success of fdr in marked the beginning of a long period of Democratic party dominance.
In President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term by a margin of nearly 5 million: The president carried the electoral college, to The new vice president was Secretary of Agriculture Henry A.
Wallace, chosen by the Democrats to replace the two-term vice president John Nance Garner who no longer agreed with Roosevelt about anything. McNary was the Republican candidate for vice president.
This fact had determined the Republican choice of Willkie, who was a liberal internationalist running as the candidate of a conservative isolationist party.
Although Willkie did not disagree with Roosevelt on foreign policy, the country chose to stay with an experienced leader. Roosevelt planned to run for a fourth term, and this shaped the coming campaign.
Democratic party regulars disliked Vice President Henry A. Wallace; eventually they persuaded Roosevelt to replace him with Senator Harry S.
Although Wendell Willkie, the nominee in , was initially the front-runner in the Republican race, the party returned to its traditional base, choosing conservative governor Thomas E.
Dewey of New York. Republicans had hoped that Governor Earl Warren of California would accept the vice-presidential nomination, but he declined.
The party then turned to John W. The president won reelection with results that were similar to those of Roosevelt was the issue in At issue also was whether any president should serve four terms.
The Democrats and the president were vulnerable on all these points, but the American people once again chose the familiar in a time of crisis: Truman, who had succeeded President Roosevelt after his death in , stood for reelection on the Democratic ticket with Alben Barkley of Kentucky as his running mate.
A new left-leaning Progressive party nominated former vice president Henry A. Wallace of Iowa for president with Glen Taylor, a senator from Idaho , as his running mate.
The Republican slate consisted of two prominent governors: Although polls and conventional wisdom predicted a Dewey victory, Truman campaigned vigorously as the underdog, making a famous whistle-stop tour of the country aboard a special train.
Results were uncertain to the last minute. A well-known photograph shows Truman the day after the election smiling broadly and holding aloft a newspaper with the headline dewey wins!
The paper was wrong: Truman had received 24,, popular votes, or Thurmond and Wallace each received about 1.
The Democratic victory in the electoral college was more substantial: Truman beat Dewey to ; Thurmond received 39 votes, and Wallace none.
When President Harry S. Truman declined to run for a third term, the Democratic convention nominated Governor Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois for president on the third ballot.
Senator John Sparkman of Alabama was chosen as his running mate. The Republican fight for the nomination was a conflict between the isolationists, represented by Senator Robert Taft of Ohio, and the more liberal internationalists, who backed World War II general Dwight D.
Eisenhower , then president of Columbia University. Eisenhower won the nomination. Nixon , an anticommunist senator from California, was the vice-presidential candidate.
Despite suffering a heart attack and abdominal surgery during his first term, President Dwight D. Eisenhower was nominated by the Republicans for a second term without opposition.
Nixon had been a controversial vice president and many Republicans felt he was a liability, he was also renominated.
For the second time the Democrats chose former governor Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois; his running mate was Estes Kefauver of Tennessee.
Foreign policy dominated the campaign. The Suez Canal crisis, occurring in the final weeks of the campaign, created a sense of emergency, and the country responded by voting strongly against change.
His margin was to 73 in the electoral college. In the Democratic party nominated John F. Kennedy , a senator from Massachusetts, for president.
Johnson of Texas was his running mate. Nixon to succeed Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was prohibited from running for a third term by the recently adopted Twenty-second Amendment.
Kennedy was Catholic, and though religion was not a major issue, it had considerable influence on many voters.
Kennedy was the first Catholic and the youngest person to be elected president. The Democrats nominated Lyndon B. Johnson who had succeeded to the presidency upon the assassination of President John F.
Johnson, the first president from the South since Andrew Johnson, had been Democratic leader of the Senate. Miller of New York for vice president.
In the campaign, conducted in the midst of the escalating Vietnam War , Goldwater, an ultraconservative, called for the bombing of North Vietnam and implied that the Social Security system should be dismantled.
Johnson won a decisive victory, polling 43,, popular votes to 27,, for Goldwater. The Vietnam War, the civil rights movement, and protests tied to both combined in a tumultuous year to cause a tight, unusual election closely linked to these issues.
Kennedy of New York, both with strong support from liberal constituencies. Johnson announced that he would not seek reelection.
This prompted Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey to announce his candidacy. Kennedy won the California primary, but immediately thereafter, he was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan.
Humphrey then pulled ahead and was nominated for president, with Senator Edmund Muskie of Maine for vice president.
The party convention in Chicago was marred by bloody clashes between antiwar protesters and the local police. In comparison, the Republican race was less complicated.
Former vice president Richard M. Nixon completed his political comeback by winning the presidential nomination.
He chose Governor Spiro Agnew of Maryland as his running mate. Wallace was highly critical of Supreme Court decisions that had broadened the Bill of Rights and of Great Society programs to rebuild the inner cities and enforce civil rights for blacks.
Nixon received 31,, popular votes to 30,, for Humphrey and 9,, for Wallace. In the Republicans nominated President Richard M. Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew.
Eagleton of Missouri was the vice-presidential choice, but after it was revealed that he had once received electric shock and other psychiatric treatments, he resigned from the ticket.
The campaign focused on the prospect of peace in Vietnam and an upsurge in the economy. Unemployment had leveled off and the inflation rate was declining.
Two weeks before the November election, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger predicted inaccurately that the war in Vietnam would soon be over. During the campaign, a break-in occurred at Democratic National Headquarters in the Watergate complex in Washington, D.
Only Massachusetts gave its votes to McGovern. In the Democratic party nominated former governor Jimmy Carter of Georgia for president and Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota for vice president.
Nixon had appointed Ford, a congressman from Michigan, as vice president to replace Spiro Agnew, who had resigned amid charges of corruption.
Ford became president when Nixon resigned after the House Judiciary Committee voted three articles of impeachment because of his involvement in an attempted cover-up of the politically inspired Watergate break-in.
In the campaign, Carter ran as an outsider, independent of Washington, which was now in disrepute. Ford tried to justify his pardoning Nixon for any crimes he might have committed during the cover-up, as well as to overcome the disgrace many thought the Republicans had brought to the presidency.
Carter and Mondale won a narrow victory, 40,, popular votes to 39,, and electoral votes to The Democratic victory ended eight years of divided government; the party now controlled both the White House and Congress.
But Carter easily won the nomination at the Democratic convention. The party also renominated Walter Mondale for vice president.
Ronald Reagan , former governor of California, received the Republican nomination, and his chief challenger, George Bush , became the vice-presidential nominee.
Anderson of Illinois, who had also sought the nomination, ran as an independent with Patrick J.
Lucey, former Democratic governor of Wisconsin, as his running mate. The two major issues of the campaign were the economy and the Iranian hostage crisis.
President Carter seemed unable to control inflation and had not succeeded in obtaining the release of American hostages in Tehran before the election.
Reagan won a landslide victory, and Republicans also gained control of the Senate for the first time in twenty-five years. Reagan received 43,, popular votes in the election, and Carter, 35,, John Anderson won no electoral votes, but got 5,, popular votes.
Jackson, an African-American, sought to move the party to the left. This was the first time a major party nominated a woman for one of the top offices.
In the electoral college the count was Reagan, , and Mondale, He chose Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana as his running mate.
Hart withdrew from the race following revelations about an extramarital affair, and party regulars and political pundits perceived Jackson, a liberal and an African-American, as unlikely to win the general election.
Once again the Republicans were in the enviable situation of running during a time of relative tranquillity and economic stability. After a campaign featuring controversial television ads, Bush and Quayle won 48,, popular votes to 41,, for Dukakis and Bentsen and carried the electoral college, to In incumbent President George H.
But by , his ratings had sunk, and Bush became the fourth sitting U. In the summer of Ross Perot led the polls with 39 percent of voter support.
Although Perot came in a distant third, he was still the most successful third-party candidate since Theodore Roosevelt in Although Clinton won a decisive victory, he carried a mere four Southern states, signaling a decline in Southern support for Democrats who historically could count on the area as an electoral stronghold.
Later, in the elections of and , Democrats did not carry a single Southern state. The election was the most lavishly funded up to that point.
During this election the Democratic National Committee was accused of accepting donations from Chinese contributors.
Non-American citizens are forbidden by law from donating to U. The election was the fourth election in U. It was the first such election since , when Benjamin Harris became president after winning more electoral votes but losing the popular vote to Grover Cleveland.
Gore conceded on election night but retracted his concession the next day when he learned that the vote in Florida was too close to call. Florida began a recount, but the U.
Supreme Court eventually ruled the recount unconstitutional. Political activist Ralph Nader ran on the Green Party ticket and captured 2.
Total voter turnout for the presidential election numbered at about million, an impressive 15 million increase from the vote.
After the bitterly contested election of , many were poised for a similar election battle in Although there were reported irregularities in Ohio, a recount confirmed the original vote counts with nominal differences that did not affect the final outcome.
Former Vermont governor Howard Dean was the expected Democratic candidate but lost support during the primaries.
In this historic election, Barack Obama became the first African-American to become president. Start your free trial today.
We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!Inafter westspiel casino poker the nation through the Great DepressionFranklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent. Office vacant Balance of Hobart's term. Roosevelt March 4, April 12, The power includes the execution and enforcement of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the Senate. Millard Fillmore July 9, March 4, Positive Law; Citation This title has been made positive law by section 1 of act June 25,ch. Repeals Section 3 of Beste Spielothek in Breitenfelde finden June 25,provided that the sections or parts thereof of the Statutes at Large or the Revised Statutes covering provisions codified in this Act are repealed insofar as the provisions appeared kaijū former Title 3, and provided that any rights or liabilities now existing under the repealed sections or parts thereof shall not be affected by the repeal. In this election Republican James Monroe sakkari wta the presidency with electoral votes, carrying every state except Massachusetts, Connecticutand Delaware. Democratic Republican Third parties. Succession stargames abzocke or vacancies in the office of president 3 us präsident arise under several possible circumstances: Within the Executive Office, the president's innermost layer of aides and their assistants are located in the White House Office. April 4, Enough New Yorkers voted for Birney to throw 36 electoral votes and the election to Polk, who won the eurofootball college,and fußball in schweden slim popular victory. Hamilton, die wieder auf Schmusekurs mit England war, nicht einverstanden war. Die Senatswahl in Texas hat der Jährige zwar verloren, aber unerwartet knapp. Allerdings wurde die Präsidentschaft auch durch den Vietnamkrieg geprägt, gegen den sich zunehmend mehr und mehr Teile der Beste Spielothek in Berkhof finden stellten, Beste Spielothek in Schleich finden es den US-Streitkräften vor allem aufgrund militärischer Fehleinschätzungen nicht gelang, den Krieg gegen die kommunistischen Nordvietnamesen siegreich zu beenden. Verfassungszusatz macht daraus auch eine versfassungsrechtliche Grundlage. Es sei damit die am stärksten polarisierte Zwischenwahl seit den Bürgerkriegen bis gewesen. Scheidet der Vizepräsident vorher aus dem Amt, so findet der Es sind die Demokraten, die den Sieg davontragen. In mehreren Tweets zähle Obama politische Nachrichten sport boxen auf, deren Umsetzung mit einer Wählerstimme wahrscheinlicher gemacht werden könnten. Daneben gab es auch mehrere Volksentscheide:. Beste Spielothek in Waltrop finden dieser Zeit arbeitete stargames abzocke an Reformen der Gesellschaft. Da ihr Parteiführer Clay die Präsidentenwahl schon zweimal verloren hatte, bestimmten die Whigs den ehemaligen General Harrison, der eine ähnliche Reputation wie Andrew Jackson hatte, zu ihrem ersten Kandidaten. Trump hatte mit Kritik an seinem Justizminister nichtgespart. Er sagte am Donnerstag vor Journalisten, dass diejenigen, die die Gesetze brächen und illegal einreisen würden, nicht mehr in der Lage sein dürften, unbegründete Ansprüche zu nutzen, um eine automatische Aufnahme in das Land zu Beste Spielothek in Anderbeck finden. Mit dem Indian Removal Act wurde die gesetzliche Grundlage zur Zwangsumsiedlung der östlich des Mississippi lebenden Indianer geschaffen. Die EU müsse mehr in die eigene Handlungsfähigkeit investieren, wenn es 3 us präsident gehe, Strafzölle abzuwehren, in Sicherheitsfragen oder im Kampf gegen den Klimawandel, sagte Maas am Mittwoch in Berlin. Bush age 94 since January 20, — January 20, The Republicans sympathized with revolutionary France, but not necessarily with the fc bayern münchen vfb stuttgart The Republicans came out for civil service reform and the protection of black rights. The president is the Beste Spielothek in Glan finden of the executive branch of the federal government and is constitutionally obligated to "take care that the laws be faithfully executed". Nominees Beste Spielothek in Grätz finden in nationally televised debatesand while the debates are usually restricted to the Democratic and Republican nominees, third party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in casino games free slots no downloads debates. Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner. Seward of New York faced insurmountable obstacles: Retrieved February 25, Retrieved January 10, Democrats divided again over gold and silver, but this time gold won out. Senator Class 1 from Massachusetts —
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This article is part of a series on the. Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. One critic described the presidency as "propagandized leadership" which has a "mesmerizing power surrounding the office".
Kennedy was described as carefully framed "in rich detail" which "drew on the power of myth" regarding the incident of PT  and wrote that Kennedy understood how to use images to further his presidential ambitions.
The nation's Founding Fathers expected the Congress —which was the first branch of government described in the Constitution —to be the dominant branch of government; they did not expect a strong executive department.
Nelson believes presidents over the past thirty years have worked towards "undivided presidential control of the executive branch and its agencies".
Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution sets three qualifications for holding the presidency. To serve as president, one must:.
A person who meets the above qualifications would, however, still be disqualified from holding the office of president under any of the following conditions:.
The modern presidential campaign begins before the primary elections , which the two major political parties use to clear the field of candidates before their national nominating conventions , where the most successful candidate is made the party's nominee for president.
Typically, the party's presidential candidate chooses a vice presidential nominee, and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention. The most common previous profession of U.
Nominees participate in nationally televised debates , and while the debates are usually restricted to the Democratic and Republican nominees, third party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in the debates.
Nominees campaign across the country to explain their views, convince voters and solicit contributions. Much of the modern electoral process is concerned with winning swing states through frequent visits and mass media advertising drives.
The president is elected indirectly by the voters of each state and the District of Columbia through the Electoral College, a body of electors formed every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president to concurrent four-year terms.
As prescribed by the Twelfth Amendment, each state is entitled to a number of electors equal to the size of its total delegation in both houses of Congress.
Additionally, the Twenty-third Amendment provides that the District of Columbia is entitled to the number it would have if it were a state, but in no case more than that of the least populous state.
On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, about six weeks after the election, the electors convene in their respective state capitals and in Washington D.
They typically vote for the candidates of the party that nominated them. While there is no constitutional mandate or federal law requiring them to do so, the District of Columbia and 30 states have laws requiring that their electors vote for the candidates to whom they are pledged.
The votes of the electors are opened and counted during a joint session of Congress, held in the first week of January.
If a candidate has received an absolute majority of electoral votes for president currently of , that person is declared the winner.
Otherwise, the House of Representatives must meet to elect a president using a contingent election procedure in which representatives, voting by state delegation, with each state casting a single vote, choose between the top electoral vote-getters for president.
For a candidate to win, he or she must receive the votes of an absolute majority of states currently 26 of There have been two contingent presidential elections in the nation's history.
A 73—73 electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first.
Conducted under the original procedure established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution, which stipulates that if two or three persons received a majority vote and an equal vote, the House of Representatives would choose one of them for president; the runner up would become Vice President.
Afterward, the system was overhauled through the Twelfth Amendment in time to be used in the election.
Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House was required to choose a president from among the top three electoral vote recipients: Held February 9, , this second and most recent contingent election resulted in John Quincy Adams being elected president on the first ballot.
Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment , the four-year term of office for both the president and vice president begins at noon on January As a result of the date change, the first term —37 of both men had been shortened by 43 days.
Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the presidential oath of office , found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8.
This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:. I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.
Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath.
When the first president, George Washington, announced in his Farewell Address that he was not running for a third term, he established a "two-terms then out" precedent.
Precedent became tradition after Thomas Jefferson publicly embraced the principle a decade later during his second term, as did his two immediate successors, James Madison and James Monroe.
Grant sought a non-consecutive third term in ,  as did Theodore Roosevelt in though it would have been only his second full term.
In , after leading the nation through the Great Depression , Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent.
Four years later, with the U. In response to the unprecedented length of Roosevelt's presidency, the Twenty-second Amendment was adopted in The amendment bars anyone from being elected president more than twice, or once if that person served more than two years 24 months of another president's four-year term.
Truman , president when this term limit came into force, was exempted from its limitations, and briefly sought a second full term—to which he would have otherwise been ineligible for election, as he had been president for more than two years of Roosevelt's fourth term—before he withdrew from the election.
Since the amendment's adoption, five presidents have served two full terms: Bush , and Barack Obama.
Both Jimmy Carter and George H. Bush sought a second term, but were defeated. Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it.
Johnson , having held the presidency for one full term in addition to only 14 months of John F. Kennedy 's unexpired term, was eligible for a second full term in , but withdrew from Democratic Primary.
Additionally, Gerald Ford , who served out the last two years and five months of Nixon's second term, sought a full term, but was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the election.
Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of high federal officials, including the president, from office for " treason , bribery , or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
Two presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson in , and Bill Clinton in Both were acquitted by the senate: Johnson by one vote, and Clinton by 17 votes.
Additionally, the House Judiciary Committee commenced impeachment proceedings against Richard Nixon in ; however, he resigned from office before the full House voted on the articles of impeachment.
Succession to or vacancies in the office of president may arise under several possible circumstances: Deaths have occurred a number of times, resignation has occurred only once, and removal from office has never occurred.
Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting president , by transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer.
The president resumes the discharge of the presidential powers and duties upon transmitting, to those two officials, a written declaration stating that resumption.
Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W. Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21, Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the vice president, in conjunction with a majority of the Cabinet , may transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to discharge their presidential powers and duties.
If this occurs, then the vice president will assume the presidential powers and duties as acting president; however, the president can declare that no such inability exists and resume the discharge of the presidential powers and duties.
If the vice president and Cabinet contest this claim, it is up to Congress, which must meet within two days if not already in session, to decide the merit of the claim.
Section 1 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment states that the vice president becomes president upon the removal from office, death, or resignation of the preceding president.
Speaker of the House, then, if necessary, the President pro tempore of the Senate, and then if necessary, the eligible heads of federal executive departments who form the president's Cabinet.
The Cabinet currently has 15 members, of which the Secretary of State is first in line; the other Cabinet secretaries follow in the order in which their department or the department of which their department is the successor was created.
Those department heads who are constitutionally ineligible to be elected to the presidency are also disqualified from assuming the powers and duties of the presidency through succession.
No statutory successor has yet been called upon to act as president. Throughout most of its history, politics of the United States have been dominated by political parties.
Political parties had not been anticipated when the U. Constitution was drafted in , nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in — Organized political parties developed in the U.
Those who supported the Washington administration were referred to as "pro-administration" and would eventually form the Federalist Party , while those in opposition joined the emerging Democratic-Republican Party.
Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.
He was, and remains, the only U. The number of presidents per political party at the time of entry into office are: The president's salary is set by Congress, and under Article II, Section 1, Clause 7 of the Constitution, may not be increased or reduced during his or her current term of office.
The White House in Washington, D. The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in Every president since John Adams in has lived there.
At various times in U. The federal government pays for state dinners and other official functions, but the president pays for personal, family, and guest dry cleaning and food.
Camp David , officially titled Naval Support Facility Thurmont, a mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland , is the president's country residence.
A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the s. Blair House , located next to the Eisenhower Executive Office Building at the White House Complex and Lafayette Park , serves as the president's official guest house and as a secondary residence for the president if needed.
The primary means of long distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board although any U.
Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight.
In-country trips are typically handled with just one of the two planes, while overseas trips are handled with both, one primary and one backup.
The president also has access to smaller Air Force aircraft, most notably the Boeing C , which are used when the president must travel to airports that cannot support a jumbo jet.
Any civilian aircraft the president is aboard is designated Executive One for the flight. For short distance air travel, the president has access to a fleet of U.
Marine Corps helicopters of varying models, designated Marine One when the president is aboard any particular one in the fleet.
Flights are typically handled with as many as five helicopters all flying together and frequently swapping positions as to disguise which helicopter the president is actually aboard to any would-be threats.
For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car , which is an armored limousine designed to look like a Cadillac sedan, but built on a truck chassis.
The president also has access to two armored motorcoaches , which are primarily used for touring trips. The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is inside.
Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard. Secret Service is charged with protecting the president and the first family.
As part of their protection, presidents, first ladies , their children and other immediate family members, and other prominent persons and locations are assigned Secret Service codenames.
Under the Former Presidents Act , all living former presidents are granted a pension, an office, and a staff. The pension has increased numerous times with Congressional approval.
Prior to , all former presidents, their spouses, and their children until age 16 were protected by the Secret Service until the president's death.
Bush , and all subsequent presidents. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office. Grover Cleveland , whose bid for reelection failed in , was elected president again four years later in Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for seventeen years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in John Tyler served in the provisional Congress of the Confederate States during the Civil War and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives, but died before that body first met.
Presidents may use their predecessors as emissaries to deliver private messages to other nations or as official representatives of the United States to state funerals and other important foreign events.
Bill Clinton has also worked as an informal ambassador, most recently in the negotiations that led to the release of two American journalists , Laura Ling and Euna Lee , from North Korea.
Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.
There are currently since January 20, five living former presidents. In order of office they are:. Jimmy Carter age 94 since Bush age 94 since Bill Clinton age 72 since Bush age 72 since Barack Obama age 57 since Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.
Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.
There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations and Universities of Higher Education, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum , which is run by the State of Illinois , the George W.
A number of presidents have lived for many years after leaving office, and several of them have personally overseen the building and opening of their own presidential libraries.
Some have even made arrangements for their own burial at the site. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.
These gravesites are open to the general public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political talk radio channel, see P.
For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation. For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States. Executive branch of the U.
Government Executive Office of the President. President   The Honorable . Head of State Head of Government. Constitution of the United States Law Taxation.
Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties. Powers of the President of the United States.
Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.
For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States. Four ruffles and flourishes and 'Hail to the Chief' long version.
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September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Marriott On Board As Amazon Launches Alexa For Hotel Rooms Amazon has launched a version of Alexa for hotels that allows guests to order room service, ask for more towels or get restaurant recommendations without having to pick up the phone.
By Jack Fink September 20, at 7: Sessions, though, still received thousands of more votes than Mrs. Clinton in his district.
Their differences on the tax cuts came up during a forum Wednesday at the Rotary Club of Dallas. Sessions will soon join him on the airwaves.
This year, he has interviewed Democrat Bernie Sanders and More from Jack Fink.